IV: Sage of Alchemy & Science
- Extraction is the process used to remove undesirable elements from hemp. There are many steps as well as different methods to the extraction process. Most processors use the CO2 extraction method because it pulls the most fats out of the plant. Other methods include hydrocarbon or ethanol.
- Refining the extraction process is taking it one step further through a process called winterization; which involves putting the cannabis extract through (essentially) an alcohol wash that filters unwanted materials.
- Another type of refined extraction is called short path distillation, which occurs after the winterization step. This involves heating the extract and isolating each compound (because each one has a different boiling point) so that each one may be used by itself.
- Hemp is also shown to have antibacterial properties; research shows that cannabidoil is active against Gram-positive bacteria, including those responsible for serious infections such as Staphyloccocus aureus (responsible for staph infections) and Streptococcus pneumoniae (responsible for pneumococcal disease). It also has similar potency to established antibiotics such as vancomycin or daptomycin.
- Hemp-derived products contain as little as 0.3% of THC or tetraydrocannabinol. This is the psychoactive chemical that can be found in marijuana.
- Hemp is rich in four natural sources: omega-3, omega-6, protein and fiber.
- Cannabis has more than 60 therapeutic compounds that are healing agents in medical and herbal treatments. THC is the primary compound and is the main reason for hemp’s effectiveness of therapy.
- Terpenes are the molecules found in the flower of the cannabis plant, responsible for diverse tastes and aromas in different strains. But that’s not their only purpose; terpenes also have many physiological effects including stress relief, mood enhancement, a sleep aid, anti-anxiety, anti-inflammatory and many more.
- Terpenes may be preserved through the extraction process to make strain specific oils.